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Pavle Ingorokva St. #22

Monday, October 29, 2012 - 20:36
The house was built in the second half of the XIX century. Initially it belonged to a certain Selikov.

Between 1892 and 1906 a Georgian noble boys’ school was located in this house. On 6 July 1906 (Old Style date) terrorists shoot a grenade and wounded the Tiflis police head. Because of this the troops raided the building, beat teachers and killed the school inspector Shio Chitadze. The building was occupied by law enforcement agencies.

Between 1918 and 1921 this building accommoda-ted the Ministry of Farming of Georgian Democratic republic. The Defense and Education minister of Georgian Democratic Republic lived in the same house.

From April 1922 the same building accommodated transcaucasian Emergency Commission. Between 1926 and 1934 both ministries stayed in this building as State Political Division. The rooms on the first floor were used as prison cells. The prisoners were tortured and shot in the basement. This building is the last exact address, where there were numerous people of different political, national or religious affiliation who became victims so far.

 

Shota Rustaveli Ave. #17

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 - 11:18
The building belongs to Shota Rustaveli Drama Theatre. Until 1953, a prominent Georgian director and one of the founders of modern Georgian theatre, Aleksandre (Sandro) Vasili Akhmeteli lived here.
 
On 19 November, 1936 Sandro Akhmeteli was detained by the officials of the Committee of Internal Affairs in a “Green Theatre” and transferred him from Moscow to Tbilisi. Sandro Akhmeteli was charged with being engaged in intelligence- espionage activities, being the member of Trotskyite -Zinovievist Counterrevolutionary Terrorist organization, etc. The case had been under investigation for 7 months.
 
On 28 June, 1937 the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union   delivered the verdict of death penalty and seizure of property to Aleksandre Akhmeteli and other people working in the theatre – Platon Korisheli, Elguja Lordkipanidze, Ia Kantaria and Ivane Laghidze under Article 58 of the Criminal Code of the USSR.  On 29 July, 1937, other employees of the Rustaveli Theatre – Tamar Tsulukidze-Akhmeteli, Buzhuzha Shavishvili and Nino Ghviniashvili were sentenced to 10 years of imprisonment. 

Shota Rustaveli Ave. #8

Monday, October 29, 2012 - 23:44

Alexander Nevsky Military Cathedral -> Government House of the Soviet Georgia -> Parliament of Georgia

Until the end of the XIX century, in the place of the Government House of the Soviet Georgia, this place was known as the so called Gunibi Square. In 1891 the cathedral was erected to commemorate the Russian victory in the Caucasus War against the North Caucasus mountainous peoples and was named after Alexander Nevsky.
 
In February 1921, its churchyard became a burial ground for the Cadets (Junkers) of Georgian Military School who fell in the fight with the Soviet Red Army defending Tbilisi on 18-24 February . As a result of urban terror during the  Sovietization process, the cathedral was demolished in 1930 and by 1938 the construction of three of the buildings of the government house had been accomplished (architects – V. Kokorin and G. Lezhava) which were occupied mainly by the Council of Ministers and the Supreme Soviet. The construction of the lower building was completed in 1953. German prisoners of war who still happened to have stayed in Georgia   took part in the construction process.
 
Today all four buildings house the legislative body –  the Parliament of Georgia. According to the decision of the same institution the Parliament of Georgia will be moved to the second biggest city in Georgia – Kutaisi.